New Technologies and Innovation
Work on new technologies and innovation covers well-developed standards for renewable energy technologies and early standards development work on:
- Carbon capture and storage
- Fuel cells
- Electrical energy storage
Standards in new technologies and innovation provide:
- Codification of working practices to enable collaborative development and knowledge sharing
- Agreement of terminology to facilitate effective communication
- Collaboration on consumer safety and/ or legislative issues
Standards within new technologies and innovation can be divided into four main categories – renewable energy technologies, carbon capture and storage, fuel cells and electrical energy storage.
Renewable Energy Technologies
Renewable energy represents a huge opportunity to channel naturally occurring, inexhaustible resources - wind, solar, geothermal, hydroelectric, and biomass – to meet our energy demands. Technological innovation, supported by standards, has increased the reliability of infrastructures and installations, enabling the production of clean, safe, sustainable energy.
Standards for renewable energy:
- Provide design requirements
- Guidance on planning and installation of energy generation systems and larger infrastructure projects such as power grid connection
- Test methods to measure power performance
- Safety requirements
Renewable energy standards are developed by experts for industry, reflecting stakeholder needs to provide requirements and guidance that enable the development of more efficient renewable energy projects, driving down costs.
Links to standards related to Renewable Energy Technologies
BS EN 62446-1
Photovoltaic (PV) systems. Requirements for testing, documentation and maintenance. Grid connected systems. Documentation, commissioning tests and inspection.
Solar heating systems for domestic hot water. Code of practice for design and installation.
BS EN 50308
Wind turbines. Protective measures. Requirements for design, operation and maintenance.
BS EN 61400-1
Wind turbines. Design requirements.
PD IEC/TS 62600-100
Marine energy. Wave, tidal and other water current converters. Electricity producing wave energy converters. Power performance assessment.
BS EN ISO 17225-1
Solid biofuels. Fuel specifications and classes. General requirements.
Specification for whole digestate, separated liquor and separated fibre derived from the anaerobic digestion of source-segregated biodegradeable materials.
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)
CCS is the process of capturing waste carbon dioxide (CO2) from sources, such as fossil fuel power plants, transporting it to a storage site and depositing it safely. The aim is to prevent the release of large quantities of CO2 into the atmosphere.
The development of CCS standards will help to mitigate the contribution of fossil fuel emissions to global warming and ocean acidification and encourage conformity with legislation.
Carbon capture and storage is an emerging field. Standards are being developed. Contact us to find out more.
A fuel cell is a device which converts the chemical energy of a fuel cell to electrical energy through a chemical reaction with an oxidizing agent e.g. oxygen.
The ongoing standardization activities comprise preparation of:
- International Standards for stationary fuel cell systems, especially for distributed small power generators and combined heat and power systems (CHPs)
- International Standards for fuel cell components and modules
- International Standards for portable and transportable fuel cell systems
- International Standards for fuel cell systems for auxiliary power units and for propulsion other than road vehicles, including ships, aircrafts, and material handling equipment e.g. forklifts
- International Standards for fuel cell systems and their integration into local infrastructure, devices and hybrid systems, especially those with batteries and, in the long term, with heat engines.
The commercialization of fuel cell technologies is driven by a growing demand for enhancing the energy efficiency and lowering emissions and noise, as well as by increasing alternative energy supplies. Fuel cell technologies can provide high efficiencies, produce low emissions, offer good possibilities for co-generation and can work on a variety of fuels.
Standardization work will contribute to improving the living conditions of communities worldwide by supplying a more sustainable energy supply and creating new jobs. Global dissemination of knowledge and skills through high quality standards will be a key tool.
Standards developed around fuel cells should recognize the appropriate use of recycled material and re-use of components, subsystems and systems consistent with continuous fuel cell safety and performance.
Fuel cell appliances can also contribute to reducing the impact of fuel use on the environment and climate.
Links to standards related to Fuel Cells
BS EN 62282 series
Fuel cell technologies.
Electrical Energy Storage (EES)
EES refers to the methods used to store electricity on a large scale. The electrical energy is stored during times when production from power plants exceeds consumption so it can be used at times when consumption exceeds production. This allows power generation to be managed at more constant levels.
This is linked to the use of smart grids infrastructure to enable flexible demand response and to help to bridge the gap between power generation and demand by converting electricity to an energy form (heat, potential energy, batteries) which can be changed back to electricity when it is needed.
Standards in electrical energy storage provide the following benefits:
- More constant power generation levels, to avoid the need to scale up or down to meet consumption demands
- Large scale fossil fuel power plants (coal, oil, gas) can be more efficiently and easily operated
- Reduced effect of random factors such as the weather on energy production from photovoltaic and wind resources
- Consumer benefits of consistent, reliable power
Standards are currently in development for 2017 publication to provide planning and installation requirements for electrical properties of grid operation and energy and power supply security. Also in development are standards on specifying unit parameters and test methods for electrical energy storage systems, guidance on environmental issues, and safety considerations. Contact us to find out more.