Environmental technologies covers the application of innovation to reduce the impacts of human involvement on the environment. The term includes sustainable energy generation technologies such as photovoltaics, wind turbines, bioreactors and biofuels, hydro-electric and geothermal energy.
Environmental technology standards give guidance for renewable energy, energy storage, fuel efficiency and best practice in vehicle design that enhances safety and performance.
Standards for environmental technologies are currently available or under consideration for:
- New technologies and innovation, including renewable energy technologies, carbon capture and storage, fuel cells and electrical energy storage
- Sustainable transport and logistics, including safety aspects, fuel specifications and electric vehicles
Trends and future work in Environmental Technologies
Electrical energy storage (EES)
In conjunction with smart grids, EES is being developed and will help to bridge the gap between power generation and demand by converting electricity to a form of energy (heat, potential energy, batteries) that can be changed back to electricity when required.
Carbon capture and storage (CCS)
Carbon capture and storage is a dynamic and evolving technology. Standards development work is starting on the safe handling of toxic gases, especially carbon dioxide to support the reduction of CO2 emissions. This includes:
- Design and construction of effective capture systems
- Safe transportation and geological storage
- Reduced risks and consequences of accidental, intentional and natural events
Telecommunications, alternative fuels and the environmental impact of road vehicles
This includes continuing development in the following areas:
- The gradual integration of telecommunications and information technologies in road vehicles, which began some years ago and has not yet reached its full extension. This integration is complemented by wider scale networks and systems dealt with by a number of standardization bodies.
- Alternative fuels or new modes of propulsion coming onto the market, such as the electric motor, using a battery or a fuel cell, or thermal engines using gaseous fuels, such as methane, LPG or hydrogen.
- The development of new tools to evaluate and plan the crashworthiness of road vehicles, which will lead to finding new passive safety devices to improve the performance.
- The growing need to care for indirect environmental impacts of road vehicles during their life cycle, including their energy consumption and their ability to be recycled.
Renewable energy technologies
As a relatively new and constantly evolving industry, and in light of environmental concerns, renewable energy technologies are hardly ever out of the spotlight. Interest is now global and with developing countries expanding their use of renewable energy there is the growing need for global strategies for renewable energy technologies.
Links to standards and other support materials related to Environmental Technologies
These are listed within the sub-theme pages of environmental technologies.