Remanufacturing and reconditioning – often simply called ‘refurbishing’ – is the process of taking a used, or end-of-life item and reworking it to a level that it can be remarketed or resold. Remanufacturing is a special class of refurbishing where the reworked item is brought back to at least an “as good as new” state, in terms of performance and cosmetics. Both remanufacturing and reconditioning have an important role to play in the circular economy and extending the life of products and items.
The Kitemark certifies the remanufacturing or reconditioning processes carried out by suppliers of remarketed items based on the application of BS 8887 series of standards for design for manufacture, assembly, disassembly, and end of life processing (MADE), as well as best practice principles of ISO 9001. BSI offers the following levels of certification:
BS 8887–220: 2010 The process of remanufacture
The process of returning a used product to at least to its original performance with a warranty that is equivalent or better than that of a newly manufactured product.
From a consumer viewpoint, the remanufactured product can be the same as a new product.
- BS 8887–240: 2011 The process of reconditioning
The process of returning a used product to a satisfactory working condition by rebuilding or repairing major components that are close to failure, even where there are no reported or apparent faults in those components.
Performance after reconditioning is expected to perform its intended role but with no claim to being “as good as new”. Any warranty may be less than that for a new product, but the warranty will generally cover the whole product (unlike repair).
For both remanufacturing and reconditioning, where applicable, additional requirements will be applied from BS 8887–211:2012 specification for reworking and remarketing of computing hardware.
Remanufactured vs reconditioned
Certification focuses on the process employed, rather than the end product itself. However, we may look at examples of end product to validate the process, and where appropriate to verify that key safety aspects are not compromised.
A general outline of the process to be audited:
It is the first time the market will have an independently verified mark of trust, linking value with quality, giving consumers confidence that the products will meet the level of quality, performance and reliability expected.