Sustainable Transport and Logistics
Sustainable transport and logistics is a sub-theme of environmental technologies
The road vehicle has known a steady advance in technology to improve the performances of the product and attain efficient mobility at the lowest cost possible. Since the 1980s political demand for greater safety and a reduced environmental impact of the use of road vehicles has deeply influenced the orientation of this technological evolution.
The vehicle industry is a world-wide industry and the implementation of international standards should reduce the cost of producing vehicles and their parts, improve vehicle safety and industry processes.
Standards within sustainable transport and logistics can be divided into three main categories – electric vehicles, fuel specifications and safety aspects.
Standardization can help improve performance and operability for road vehicles in many ways, from ergonomic design for driver safety and comfort to electrical and/or electronic systems within road vehicles. For example, with the trend for increasing technological complexity, there are increasing risks from systematic failures and random hardware failures. ISO 26262 includes guidance to avoid these risks by providing the appropriate requirements and processes.
Another example is alcohol interlocks, which enhance traffic safety by preventing people with alcohol concentrations exceeding a set limit from driving a motor vehicle. The EN 50436 series specifies test methods and essential performance requirements for alcohol interlocks and gives guidance for decision makers, purchasers and users.
As well as improving road safety, road vehicle standards have also contributed to attaining and maintaining a high level of safety and protection of the environment. Some examples are the crash testing methods, road handling ability testing methods and emissions testing methods.
Links to standards related to Safety Aspects
Road vehicles. Functional safety guide.
Motorcycles. Test and analysis procedures for research evaluation of rider crash protective devices fitted to motorcycles.
Road vehicles. Ergonomic requirements for the driver’s workplace in line-service buses.
Road vehicles. Standardized access to automotive repair and maintenance information (RMI).
Tyres and rims for logging and forestry service.
Road vehicles. Recyclability and recoverability. Calculation method.
Alcohol interlocks. Test methods and performance requirements.
Standards for fuel specifications cover a broad spectrum of technical elements, including fuel components, testing fuels, performance of fuels, terminology used in the fuel industry and safety. Much current work is also focused on standardizing renewable content in transport fuels as a way of addressing climate change and ensuring future fuel security – and on fuel remaining fit for purpose despite changes to fuel composition.
Standards for fuel specifications:
- Ensure the petroleum industry is working together according to guidelines
- Ensure that fuel consumers are protected
- Ensure the industry works alongside legislation in defining and testing renewable/ sustainable content of fuels – as result they are able to be quoted in wider legislation, for example, on the environment.
Links to standards related to Fuel Specifications
Automotive fuels. LPG. Requirements and test methods.
Automotive fuels. Unleaded petrol. Requirements and test methods.
Automotive fuels. Diesel. Requirements and test methods.
Petroleum products. Fuels (class F) classification. Categories of marine fuels.
Petroleum products. Fuels (class F). Specifications of marine fuels.
Classification of petroleum fuels.
Liquid petroleum products. Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) for use in diesel engines and heating applications. Requirements and test methods.
Automotive fuels. Ethanol as a blending component for petrol. Requirements and test methods.
Automotive fuels. Ethanol (E85) automotive fuel. Requirements and test methods.
Methods of test for petroleum and its products.
Electric vehicles (EVs)
EVs were first invented in the mid-1800s when electricity was the preferred energy source for motor vehicles rather than the unreliable internal combustion engine (ICE) of the time. For the last century the ICE has been preferred for motor vehicles in general but electric power has remained commonplace in other vehicle types, such as trains and smaller vehicles.
Developments in battery technology, environmental concerns and depletion of oil supplies now makes development of EVs a major priority.
The benefits of developing EVs include:
- Reduced environmental impact of the petroleum-based transportation infrastructure
- A wide range of sources of the electricity they consume
- Reduce carbon footprint (CO2 production from an electric car is typically one half to one third of that from a comparable combustion vehicle) and other emissions (EVs release almost no air pollutants at the place where they are operated)
- Low noise.
Links to standards related to Electric Vehicles
Electrically propelled road vehicles. Safety specifications. On-board rechargeable energy storage system (RESS).
Electrically propelled road vehicles. Safety specifications. Vehicle operational safety means and protection against failures.
Electrically propelled road vehicles. Safety specifications. Protection of persons against electric shock.
Fuel cell road vehicles. Safety specifications. Protection of persons against electric shock.
Electrically propelled road vehicles. Specific requirements for safety. On board energy storage.
Electrically propelled road vehicles. Specific requirements for safety. Functional safety means and protection against failures.
Electrically propelled road vehicles. Specific requirements for safety. Protection of users against electrical hazards.
Electrically propelled road vehicles. Measurement of energy performances. Pure electric vehicles.
Electrically propelled road vehicles. Measurement of energy performances. Thermal electric hybrid vehicles.
Electric vehicle conductive charging system. General requirements.
Electric vehicle conductive charging system. Electric vehicle requirements for conductive connection to an a.c./d.c. supply.
Electric vehicle conductive charging system. A.C. electric vehicle charging station.
Hybrid-electric road vehicles. Exhaust emissions and fuel consumption measurements. Non-externally chargeable vehicles.
Hybrid-electric road vehicles. Exhaust emissions and fuel consumption measurements. Externally chargeable vehicles.
Requirements for electrical installations. IET Wiring Regulations.
Links to other related materials
European Commission Mandate 468: Standardisation mandate to CEN, CENELEC and ETSI concerning the charging of electric vehicles.